Women Who Made a Difference
Naomi Shemer, the popular Israeli songwriter, wrote the famous song "Yerushalayim Shel Zahav" (Jerusalem of Gold), describing the divided city of Jerusalem. A month later, the Six Day War broke out and Jerusalem was reunited. The words of the sad song no longer suited the situation in Jerusalem, so Naomi Shemer jotted down the words for a new verse celebrating the city’s reunification, in her pocket phone book. This is the page from the phone book in her archive which is housed at the National Library.
Possible Primary Sources
Personal archive of women leaders, photographs of women in Kibbutzim, Moshavim and cities, posters depicting women in pre-State Israel, letters from female figures.
Knesset, Hadassah hospitals, the Old City of Jerusalem, Sdot Yam, Caesarea, Zichron Ya’akov, Kibbutz Lavi
Throughout Israel’s history, women held important roles – in politics, in defending the country, in establishing the institutions of the new State and as pioneers in the villages and towns. Among these women are: Hannah Senesh who immigrated from Hungary to Israel and then volunteered to parachute into Nazi-occupied Europe;; Golda Meir who left the US and became the first woman prime minister in the western world; Sarah Aaronsohn who established an underground espionage ring to help the British capture Palestine from the Turks; Esther Cailingold, a British-born teacher who fought with the British forces in the battle for the Old City of Jerusalem and died of her wounds; and Henrietta Szold, a teacher, social worker, and Zionist activist from the US who established the Hadassah women’s organization, Youth Aliya, and a nursing school in Jerusalem.
Talia, Jessica, Danya
For their final project, Talia, Jessica and Danya decided to research Naomi Shemer, a famous Israeli musician and songwriter and discovered how she made a difference.
A poster printed in 1965 advertising a pop band called Coby and The Planets. The band is unknown, but the poster shows the influence of international pop groups such as the Beatles on this Israeli group. In addition, Naomi Shemer's song "Lu Yehi" was influenced by the Beatles' hit song "Let it Be".