United Nations Votes for Partition Plan, Haaretz, 1947
Haaretz – Special Edition
Tel Aviv, 12 Kislev 5707, 25.11.1947
UN Committee is in Favour of Partition
Lake Success, 10:30 PM
By a majority of 25 to 13, the ad hoc committee of the United Nations voted in favour of the Partition Plan to separate Israel and to establish two countries, one Jewish and the other Arab. 17 countries abstained; 2 were absent.
Against the decision
The six Arab nations, and Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkey, Iran, Cuba, Siam (Thailand), and India.
Britain, France, Yugoslavia, Greece, China, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, El Salvador, Abyssinia, Haiti, Honduras, Belgium, Liberia, Luxembourg, Holland, and New Zealand
The Countries in Favour Include:
United States, Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Australia, Canada, South Africa, Sweden, Denmark, and Norway.
This is a special edition of the Haaretz newspaper dated November 25, 1947, 10:30 pm, announcing that the “UN Committee is in favour of partition.” The press release contains a list of the countries that opposed the plan (for example: the Arab Nations, India, and Thailand), the countries that abstained (for example: Britain, France, China, and Holland) and the countries that supported the plan (for example: the United States, Russia, Canada, and Norway).
The committee referred to here was an ad hoc committee that was attended by representatives of all UN member states and approved by a majority vote. The final Partition Plan was presented to the General Assembly and adopted four days later on November 29, 1947.
In August 1947, the UN decided unanimously that the British Mandate in Palestine should be terminated. The UN Special Committee for Palestine (UNSCOP) visited the country and drew up a plan to partition the Land of Israel into two independent states: one Jewish and one Arab. On November 29, 1947, the UN General Assembly voted in favour of this resolution. The Jews, grateful to be granted any part of the land as their own, accepted the plan and the status of Jerusalem as an international city. The Arab nations, unwilling to accept the presence of a Jewish State in Palestine, rejected the UN proposal.
The adoption of the Partition Plan by the UN was celebrated by Jews around the world as a major step toward statehood, and it ultimately paved the way to the declaration of the State of Israel about six months later in May 1948.
This article can be used by Jewish Studies teachers in the lead-up to Yom Ha’atzmaut when teaching about the UN partition vote a few months before the declaration of the State of Israel.
History and Politics teachers can use this article in classes about the United Nations, the Partition Plan, and the UN’s involvement with Israel over the years.
What is the headline of this newspaper?
Which international body is mentioned in the newspaper?
What vote is referred to in the newspaper?
Make a list of the different countries who voted in favour/against the Partition Plan.
When was the article printed?
In which newspaper did the article appear?
Reading Between the Lines
The newspaper was printed in a special release at 10:30 at night.
This is a list of countries that voted in the preliminary vote in the UN committee.
Compare how these countries voted here with how they voted in the General Assembly onNovember 29. What can we learn from this?
Why was this vote so significant for the Yishuv (the Jewish population in pre-state Israel) and the Jewish world?
How was the decision of the ad hoc committee and the subsequent General Assembly vote received by both the Jews and the Arabs?
The UN Partition Plan borders did not ultimately become the Israeli borders.
What was changed? Why?
Imagine that you were living in 1947.
How do you think you wouldhave felt on hearing the results of the UN vote?
What breaking item do you remember during your lifetime?
Why do you remember this event?
The UN played an important role in the establishment of Israel.
How do people in Israel and the Jewish world view the UN today?
Write a short speech as the Israeli Ambassador to the UN in 1947 to be delivered after the General Assembly voted in favour of the Partition Plan.