Tel Aviv Street, 1935
In this photograph from the Alexandrovich collection, the blend of different worlds that characterized Tel Aviv in the 1930s is evident. On the one hand, we can see the developing European-style urbanization, while we can also see a herd of animals and an Arab man riding a donkey. The city is under construction, but there are still sand dunes; Jews in modern European clothes are walking down the street next to Arabs dressed in traditional clothes.
To the right of the car is a man pushing a modern baby pram. In the background are Bauhaus-style buildings, incomplete building structures, and telephone and electricity wires. Tel Aviv in the 1930s was clearly a fascinating combination of the old and the new, Jews and Arabs.
Geography teachers could use this resource in classes on urbanization, modernization, and multiculturalism.
Israel Studies teachers could use this resource to discuss the development of Tel Aviv in particular and Israel in general.
Who are the people in the picture?
What are they wearing?
What animals are in the picture?
What kind of buildings can you see?
What is the general landscape?
What other additional details can you see?
Reading Between the Lines
Based on what you can see in the photograph, what are the differences between the people?
At the time the photograph was taken Israel was a developing country.
What is a developing country?
What features in this photograph support this statement?
What is Bauhaus architecture, and what did it signify?
Why was it popular in Tel Aviv during the British Mandate period?
Take a look at the number plate of the car in the foreground.
How many numbers does it have? How many numbers are there on Israeli car number plates today?|
What does this tell us about the number of cars in Israel at the time?
What other things can be learned from this photograph about the time and place?
Have you been to Tel Aviv? Have you seen photographs or videos of the city?
How has it changed since the time this photograph was taken?
This photograph shows Tel Aviv when Israel was still a developing country.
Is Israel a developing country today? Justify your answer.
In groups, imagine that you lived in Israel at the beginning of the twentieth century.
You are part of a group of activists who are planning the future State of Israel. Decide which things would be important for the new country and why.
Compare and contrast your group’s decisions with the other groups.