“Dream on the Eve of Sukkot—Reality to Follow Shortly,” Cartoon, Maariv Newspaper, October 10, 1973
This is a cartoon by the famous Israeli cartoonist Dosh entitled “Dream on the Eve of Sukkot—Reality to Follow Shortly.” It was published in the Israeli newspaper Maariv on October 10, 1973 and depicts the atmosphere in Israel during the Yom Kippur War. The presidents of Egypt (Sadat) and Syria (Assad) are held within a lulav. The lulav is emblazoned with the word “Victory” and the etrog with the word “Peace.” At that time, Sukkot of 1973, there was hope that victory and peace would indeed be achieved soon. The Yom Kippur War ended a week after Sukkot.
The Yom Kippur War began with a surprise attack by joint Arab forces, led by Egypt and Syria, on Yom Kippur October 6, 1973. Most of the fighting took place in the Sinai Desert and on the Golan Heights. After suffering many losses at the start of the war, Israel gradually fought back and, by the time of the ceasefire on October 25, had made significant advances. Despite impressive operational and tactical achievements on the battlefield, the price was very heavy, causing shock and trauma that took Israel many years to overcome. The war is widely seen as the catalyst to the 1978 Camp David Accords in which Israel normalised relations with Egypt.
According to the Torah, the festival of Sukkot has two central commandments: the first is living in a temporary dwelling (Sukkah) for seven days (or eight days outside of Israel); and the second is waving the Four Species (Arba’at HaMinim) and making a blessing over them on each day of the festivalDuring the festival of Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles), Jews are commanded to leave their permanent homes and live in temporary dwellings (Sukkot) for seven days.
This cartoon was illustrated by Dosh whose real name was Kariel Gardush (1921-2000). Gardush was born in Budapest, Hungary. After losing his family in the Holocaust, he moved to France where he joined the Lechi, a Zionist paramilitary organisation that operated during the time of the British Mandate, and then immigrated to Israel in 1948. Due to his lack of fluency in Hebrew, he decided to work as a cartoonist and worked for the Maariv newspaper for many years as a political cartoonist.
This cartoon could be used in Jewish History lessons when teaching about the Yom Kippur War.
Jewish Studies teachers can use the following Midrash from the Midrash of Psalms 17:2 in order to discuss the meaning of the Midrash and the connection it makes between the Four Species and War: “The Day of Atonement has passed and Man doesn’t know who has been victorious – Israel or the Nations of the World. As the first day of the festival (Sukkot) has arrived, and all of Israel, both young and old, are taking hold of their Lulavs in their right hands, and their Etrogs, in their left hands, immediately we know that Israel has been victorious in their judgement.”
Art and Media teachers can use this source as an example of use of a cartoon as a political medium.
When was the cartoon published?
Describe what you see in the cartoon.
Who are the two characters in the cartoon?
Reading Between the Lines
Why are these two characters in the cartoon?
What is their connection to October 10, 1973?
Why do you think the cartoonist gave the cartoon the title “Dream on the Eve of Sukkot— Reality to Follow Shortly”? What do you think the atmosphere was like in Israel at the time?
Why do you think that the lulav has “Victory” written on it and the etrog “Peace”?
What usually happens on Yom Kippur?
Why do you think that Israel was not ready for a war on that day?
What do you think the atmosphere was in Israel at the time this cartoon was published?
Some parents and most grandparents will remember the Yom Kippur War.
Interview them about their memories of the war and report back to your class or teacher.