How Did the Six Day War Change the Face of Israel?
Many regard the Six Day War as Israel's greatest modern military triumph. Four hostile Arab countries were allegedly preparing their troops for a coordinated attack against the young country. However, against all the odds, Israel succeeded in defeating the neighbouring countries and, in addition, ensured its security.
This activity will focus on Jerusalem before, during and after the Six Day War. We will learn about the status of Jerusalem before the war, the battle for the city, and the status of the city after the war until present day.
Appropriate for high school students.
Jewish History teachers can use the activity to summarize the history of the city with a focus on the Six Day War. Israel Studies teachers can use this activity to study the changes to Jerusalem and its present-day status.
Students should have studied some aspects of the Six Day War in order to complete the activity.
Background Materials for Teachers and Students
The Six Day War, Jewish Virtual Library
Divided Jerusalem (1948-1967), Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
United Jerusalem after the Six Day War, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Status Quo in Jerusalem, Wikipedia
The Myths of 1967, JPost
Positions on Jerusalem, Wikipedia
Jerusalem as a Political Issue, (Jerusalem today) Ir Amim
Optional Warm-up Activity
When Israel was established in 1948, Israel accepted the terms of the United Nations which prevented Jews from freely accessing the Old City of Jerusalem and the Western Wall (the Kotel). After the War of Independence in 1948, the eastern parts of Jerusalem were under Jordanian rule, and Jews were prevented from visiting their holiest places, the Temple Mount and the Kotel, the location of the destroyed Jewish temples. Jewish people always hoped and prayed for the return of these holy places.
After three days of fierce battles in June 1967, Israeli forces found themselves within touching distance of the Old City.
Watch the following video to see how the battle unfolded and where the soldiers went after they captured the ancient city.
What did you learn from the film clip?
Why was this battle so important?
Stage 1: Analyse Primary Sources
Divide the class into four or eight groups.
Divide the resources among the groups.
Each group will analyse one resource from each of the two Source groups using this analysis worksheet.
Source Group A – Pre-1967
Source Group B – Post-1967
Stage 2: Summary
Each group will present the analysis of their two photographs to the class.
After seeing all eight sources, each group will create a presentation (a movie, PowerPoint, model, interactive map, etc.) conveying the following:
The status and situation of Jerusalem pre-1967
The significance of the Six Day War
The status and situation of Jerusalem post-1967 until the present day
Each group will present their final assignment to the class and send them to email@example.com. We will upload the best presentations to our website.