Pioneers and Olim
This is a poster describing the role of the JNF (the Jewish National Fund) in the 1930s. According to the poster, the five main roles of the KKL-JNF were: reclaiming land, draining swamps, supplying water, foresting, and acquiring land for settlement.
The Five Roles of the Jewish National Fund
Land Reclamation – 370,000 dunams thus far
Draining the Swamps – in 53 settlements thus far
Water Supply – in 57 settlements thus far
Afforestation – 1,900,000 trees thus far
Delivery of Land for Settlement – 38,000 people in villages and cities thus far
Possible Primary Sources
Photographs of pioneers and olim, JNF posters, pamphlets and posters about the immigrant settlements songs and video clips of pioneers.
Zichron Ya’akov, Kibbutz Lavi and other kibbutzim, Kiryat Shmona, the Negev
This is a photograph of a group of new immigrants from Morocco as they arrive at their new home of Moshav Gilat in the Negev in 1954.
Jews returning to Israel at the end of the 19th century and the start of the 20th century found an arid land with little water and unsuited to agriculture and settlement. These new immigrants, olim, transformed the desert land into a flourishing country that is today one of the leading countries in high-tech agriculture and water engineering.
One of the organizations that made this possible was the Jewish National Fund (JNF) which was founded in 1901 in order to buy and develop land in Ottoman Palestine for Jewish settlement. In the ensuing years, both during the British Mandate and after the establishment of the State of Israel, the JNF planted millions of trees, built dams and reservoirs, and developed more than 250,000 acres of land for settlement. The JNF was founded by the Zionist movement, and its campaigns aimed at attracting the support of Diaspora Jews. The blue JNF collection box symbolized the partnership between Israel and the Diaspora and was found in many Jewish homes and organizations.