The New Ten Commandments
This is a cartoon suggesting additional commandments to the Ten Commandments. It was printed in Davar LeYeladim, a Hebrew-language children’s magazine that was published from 1936 to 1985 as a supplement to the Davar newspaper.
The title of the cartoon is “To Add to the Festival of the Giving of our Torah.” Next to the title there is an image of a girl looking pensive, accompanied by the words: “Ronit’s dream.” The cartoon is divided into eight segments, each with an image of the tablets printed with the words of the alternative commandment. The segments include illustrations of the problems that the commandments refer to. In modern Hebrew, the phrase “Ten Commandments” has come to symbolise any important rules.
This cartoon, created by Peretz, provides a new interpretation of the Ten Commandments. The artist expresses his opposition to the way people act in the public sphere. Each image contains a drawing of a wild animal about to transgress the commandment. Wild animals are used to symbolise the disorderly and uncontrolled actions of transgressors concerning issues such as nature conservation, behaviour at sporting events, road accidents, and littering.
Would You Like to Know More?
Davar LeYeladim - Davar LeYeladim, the magazine that printed this cartoon, can be seen to reflect the lives of children at the time. It printed nature stories, poetry, articles on science, nature, and geography by many well-known authors as well as jokes, crossword puzzles, and articles written by children.
This cartoon can be used by Jewish Studies teachers in the lead up to Shavuot when discussing commandments in the Torah and especially the Ten Commandments.
Social Studies and Geography teachers can use this cartoon when discussing the environment and issues of conservation.
Bible Studies teachers can use this when learning about the books of Exodus and Deuteronomy and examining the Ten Commandments.
Hebrew teachers can use this cartoon when learning language relating to the environment.
What is this?
What is the title?
What language is it written in?
What word appears repeatedly in the images?
Describe the details of the picture.
Which objects and which animals appear in the picture?
What is written in the texts?
Reading Between the Lines
Which of these commandments are from the original Ten Commandments and which are the artist’s inventions?
What is a commandment?
How is it different from a rule or a law?
How is it the same?
Why are rules important? What would happen if we didn’t have rules?
How does the artist depict those who are transgressing these commandments? Why?
What do all the alternative commandments have in common?
What message is the artist conveying?
According to his commandments, how should people live?
What is your impression of these commandments?
Do you agree that these are important issues?
How do you feel about the comparison between these commandments and the original Ten Commandments?
The artist focuses on the negative, “you shall not” commandments, but the original commandments also include positive, “you shall” commandments.
What positive commandments would you include in this image?
The artist has created alternative commandments according to his own personal beliefs.
Create a set of Ten Commandments in keeping with your beliefs.
To Add to the Festival of the Giving of our Torah
You shall not murder/ Plan for reducing the deer population of deer
You shall not destroy/ Football fields, wild fans
You shall not throw/ Hot-blooded spectators, football referees
You shall not covet/ Nest thieves
You shall not annihilate/ Fishing with explosives
You shall not trample/ Trampling tourists
You shall not litter/ Park litterers
You shall not run over/ Dangerous drivers