Map of the North of Israel, 1907
A map of the North of Israel printed in Germany in 1907. The map shows the coastal area between Caesarea and Haifa.
The village “Zummarin (Zichron Jacob)” appears on the line marked with the number 17 with symbols of roads and houses. Surrounding Zummarin are names of other villages, a small wood, an aqueduct, rivers (mostly dry), and the Mediterranean Sea.
The map was created only 25 years after Zichron Ya’akov was established, which is probably why the village is still referred to by its previous name, Zummarin.
When teaching the story of Sarah Aaronsohn and the NILI spy ring in Jewish Studies, this map could be used to find details about the geographical area or about Zichron Ya’akov. The use of the name Zummarin could trigger research about Zichron Ya’akov’s early history .
Geography teachers could also use this source as an example of a detailed topographic map of northern Israel.
What area is depicted in this map?
When and where was this map created?
This map was created in Germany in 1907.Why do you think people in Germany were interested in a map of this area?
At the centre of the map on row number 17 is a village named Zummarin (Zichron Jacob).
Look at a modern map of northern Israel. Can you find a place called Zummarin?
Can you find a place called Zichron Jacob (or Zichron Ya’akov)?
Today this place is called Zichron Ya’akov. Who was it named after?
Why does the name Zummarin also appear on this map?
What interesting historical events happened in Zichron Ya’akov?
Compare a modern map of the area surrounding Zichron Ya’akov with this map from 1907.
What are the differences? What are the similarities?
(Hint – look at the names of the towns, villages, and cities. What language can you see in their names? What does this tell us about the population of the area? What can you say about the density of settlement in the area? What does this show? What other features demonstrate the development of the area?)
Enlarged area of map showing Zichron Ya’akov