Pamphlet about the Establishment of Zichron Ya’akov, 1951-1952
A pamphlet about Zichron Ya’akov written in English and in Hebrew and produced by PICA—The Palestine Jewish Colonization Association. The pamphlet, which was printed in 1951-2, includes photographs of Baron de Rothschild and his son and of a street in Zichron Ya’akov. The text tells the story of the establishment of Zichron Ya’akov with a heavy emphasis on the role of Baron de Rothschild.
PICA was an organisation established in 1924 by Baron Edmond de Rothschild and directed by his son Baron James Armand de Rothschild. The organisation provided financial support for Jewish settlement in the Land of Israel between 1924 and 1957.
Jewish History teachers could use this pamphlet when teaching about the pioneers in Zichron Ya’akov in particular and in Israel in general in the years preceding the establishment of the State of Israel: the early Aliyot and the Yishuv.
What is this pamphlet? Who published it?
Why do you think this pamphlet was printed?
Who was its main audience? (Hint: look at the languages used.)
Describe the photograph of Zichron Ya’akov in the pamphlet. Compare this to earlier photographs.
In the pamphlet is a photograph of two people. Who are they? What did they do?
The photograph is of the Baron Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild and his son Baron James Armand de Rothschild. Why did he help to found Zichron Ya’akov?
What was the original name of Zichron Ya’akov?
Why was it changed?
What were some of the challenges that faced the people of Zichron Ya’akov?
What was PICA?