England in Palestine – the Period of the British Mandate 1917-1948
This is a poster promoting a football match that took place on 26th April, 1930 between the 2nd Battalion South Staffords regiment and Hapoel Haifa. This is one of many posters publicising sporting events between the Mandatory army and police forces and local sports teams.
Possible Primary Sources
British army enlistment posters, Jewish underground posters, maps, photographs, and newspaper articles of life in Mandatory Palestine, photographs of illegal immigrant ships and of rallies against the White Paper, newspaper articles about the Balfour Declaration and during the times of the British Mandate
Independence Hall, Atlit, Jerusalem, the Russian Compound
This is a World War II recruitment poster calling Jewish women from Palestine to join the British army.
As a result of their victory in World War I, the British took control of much of the Ottoman Empire, which included Israel (Palestine at the time). In July 1922, the League of Nations entrusted Great Britain with the Mandate for Palestine. Recognizing "the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine," Britain was called on to facilitate the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine-Eretz Israel (Land of Israel). Shortly afterwards, in September 1922, the League of Nations and Great Britain decided that the provisions for setting up a Jewish national home would not apply to the area east of the Jordan River, an area which constituted three-quarters of the territory included in the Mandate and which eventually became the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
The British Mandate was faced with the challenge of calming the growing tensions between Jews and Arabs. Many riots occurred during this period and, in an attempt to calm the situation, the Mandate authorities enacted the White Paper of 1939 which restricted Jewish immigration. A number of underground Jewish organizations subsequently emerged with the intent of organizing illegal immigration. Nonetheless, during World War II, many Jews living in Israel enlisted in the British Army in order to participate in the war against the Nazis.