Jerusalem Under Turkish Rule Resource Pack
For exactly 400 years, the Land of Israel was part of the Ottoman Empire. From the initial conquest in 1517 until the demise of the empire in 1917, the Turkish authorities had control over the land including Jerusalem. The Jewish community of Jerusalem was comprised mainly of Sephardi Jews with Ashkenazi Jews joining them in the nineteenth century.
The following sources provide an insight into the life of the Jewish community during this Ottoman era. The population of Jerusalem stayed fairly constant throughout, although towards the end of the period, an expansion in the number of residents led to new neighbourhoods being built outside the walls of the Old City. The sources show various aspects of everyday life during this fascinating 400-year period.