Shana Tova Card with Images of Herzl and Sultan Abdul Hamid, 1901
In the second half of the nineteenth century, postcards became a common mode of communication in Europe. Their popularity resulted in the use of these illustrated cards for Christmas and Easter in the Christian world. This tradition was gradually introduced into the Jewish world, and sending illustrated cards with wishes for the Jewish New Year became widespread. The designs and texts on the Shana Tova cards included national, political, and social ideas of the time.
Examine this Shana Tova postcard from Poland that includes images of Theodor Herzl and Sultan Abdul Hamid and answer the following questions.