“Bring Dayan to Justice!,” 1974
This flyer was printed in April 1974 and advertises a rally against Moshe Dayan. The flyer accuses the Prime Minister (Golda Meir) and Moshe Dayan (Minister of Defence) of shirking responsibility. This accusation most likely refers to Dayan’s responsibility as defence minister for the failures of the 1973 Yom Kippur War. The public was extremely disappointed in the leadership at the time that was apparently aware of the threat of war but failed to act in time to prevent the numerous casualties Israel suffered. The Agranat Commission was set up after the war to investigate the failings and ill-planning and, found a number of top IDF officials responsible. Moshe Dayan, however, was absolved of any guilt. This did not stop the public from lobbying to remove Dayan from his position – as is evident from this flyer.
Two days after this rally took place, on April 11 1974, Golda Meir resigned as did Dayan and the rest of the cabinet. Dayan only re-entered politics in 1977, becoming foreign minister in the Likud government under the leadership of Menachem Begin. The “exaggerated self-confidence” mentioned in the flyer was a common explanation among the public for the failure of the leadership during the Yom Kippur War.
The flyer was printed very basically and on poor quality paper. This may show that the protest was not led specifically by the political parties (who would presumably have more funds at their disposal) but by members of the public who were more likely to lack the resources to print at higher quality. The flyer was printed by the organisation Moked (Focus) Jerusalem.
This photograph could be used in Jewish Studies lessons when teaching about Moshe Dayan as an example of famous figures in Israeli history. Dayan’s story follows the story of Israel from early life in a kibbutz and moshav, through service in the Palmach, to the IDF and the wars of the early years of the State of Israel.
Dayan’s story follows the story of Israel from early life in a kibbutz and moshav, service in the Palmach and later in the Israel Defence Forces and finally following the stories of the wars in the early years of the State of Israel.
Jewish Studies teachers teaching Jewish History could use this source to discuss the Yom Kippur War and the failures faced by the Israeli army and the public in the initial days of the war.
Civics teachers could use this resource to demonstrate the power of public protest and the public responsibility of leaders. Hebrew teachers could use this source to discuss persuasive language and the language of political protest.
What does this flyer advertise?
When did this demonstration took place?
This demonstration took place a few months after a tragic war had taken place in Israel.
Which war was this?
What was Moshe Dayan’s role in this war?
Read the translation of the flyer.
What impression does the flyer give of Moshe Dayan?
Why was the public dissatisfied with Moshe Dayan?
Read about the Yom Kippur war and Moshe Dayan’s role in preparing for the war, on the internet or other reference sources. Do you think that the public protest was justified? Do you think the demonstrators were right to demand that Dayan take responsibility?
Do flyers like this exist today?
What often replaces them?
How do today’s advertisements for political events or protests look different?
Why do political rallies like this happen?
Do they have any influence on the political arena? Have you ever been to a political rally?
Dayan finally resigned as a result of the intense public protest.
Do you think Dayan was right to bow to public pressure and resign?
What else could he have done?
Bring Dayan to justice!
to a demonstration next to the Prime Minister's Office.
Today – Tuesday April 9 between 11.00 and 16.00
The Minister of Defence and Prime Minister must take full responsibility –
with no evasion
Dayan is not necessary – even as foreign minister
The security failure is a result of the political failure!
Exaggerated self-confidence stems from determining facts on the ground and in the territories instead of making peace!
“The Likud” – a full partner in the failing concept!
Moked [Focus]— Jerusalem